Is Marijuana Effective in Treating Parkinson’s Disease Symptoms?

Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative illness that affects the nervous system and progresses over time. Stiffness and decreased cognition can develop over time. This can eventually develop to more serious symptoms, such as difficulty moving and speaking. You may also notice tremors and changes in your posture.

Researchers are always exploring innovative ways to assist patients manage their PD symptoms and improve their overall quality of life. Marijuana [1] is one alternate therapeutic option.

Marijuana and its active ingredients have been the subject of several investigations. While the study on marijuana isn’t completely definitive, it does show promise for patients with Parkinson’s disease. It might help with symptom control in general.

Continue reading to discover more about how marijuana can be used to treat Parkinson’s disease.

Possible Benefits

Marijuana is known to provide various advantages for those with Parkinson’s disease, including:

  • Tremors were decreased as a result of pain alleviation.
  • Having a better night’s sleep, enhanced attitude and making it easier to move around.
  • These improvements are due to marijuana’s muscle-relaxant and analgesic properties.

Although marijuana has modest adverse effects [2], some people prefer them over the risks associated with popular Parkinson’s treatments. Certain Parkinson’s disease medications can cause:

  • swelling in the ankles
  • constipation blotching of the skin
  • diarrhoea
  • hallucinations
  • insomnia
  • uncontrollable motions
  • issues with memory
  • nausea
  • difficulties with the liver urinating
  • Sleepiness

What Is The Research Telling Us?

As more countries move toward legalisation, research into marijuana’s health consequences is becoming increasingly prominent. 22 people with Parkinson’s disease improved their sleep, tremors, and discomfort within 30 minutes of using marijuana, according to a 2014 research [3].

Researchers discovered that cannabis had anti-inflammatory effects in another study published in 2010. Cannabis contains active chemicals known as cannabinoids [4]. These may aid in the reduction of symptoms in a range of conditions.

The study of marijuana’s possible effects on Parkinson’s disease is still underway. Before it becomes a generally acknowledged therapy, larger research may be required.

What Are The Risks?

Despite the possible advantages of marijuana for Parkinson’s patients, there are also risks associated with it. THC in marijuana has the potential to cause:

  • impaired thinking and movements
  • hallucinations
  • memory problems
  • mood changes

Marijuana may have more adverse effects when smoked than when taken in other forms. Short-term effects are caused by the smoke itself, and might include coughing and lung inflammation. Another concern is recurrent lung infections. Although there are no clinical trials that suggest a direct link between marijuana and cardiovascular events, marijuana smoke may cause heart difficulties or aggravate existing heart disorders over time.

If you experience depression or anxiety, using marijuana has the potential to exacerbate your symptoms, since some evidence shows that marijuana users are more likely to be diagnosed with depression than non-smokers.

The Use Of Medical Cannabis

Although the FDA has not acknowledged marijuana as a medication, cannabidiol (CBD) and delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) are two of the plant’s primary cannabinoids that are utilised for therapy (THC).

CBD is made up of active chemicals from the Cannabis plant, but without the psychoactive element THC. Without the euphoric effects of THC, these chemicals have the potential to reduce inflammation and discomfort. CBD can be used to treat a number of ailments, including Parkinson’s disease. Cannabidiol also doesn’t have the same side effects as regular marijuana.

CBD may be bought over the counter in some nations without a prescription or a medical marijuana licence, and it’s deemed lawful if it’s made from industrial hemp. CBD is covered by the same legal safeguards as medicinal marijuana in all jurisdictions where it is authorised.

Medical marijuana and CBD legislation differ by state in the United States. If your state allows medicinal marijuana, you’ll need to have your doctor fill out documents for a medical marijuana card application. This certificate certifies that you are eligible to buy marijuana in your state for a specific medicinal reason.

What Have We Learned

There is currently no cure for Parkinson’s disease. Medications can aid in the management of your symptoms. Alternative medicines, such as marijuana, may also be worth looking into. Marijuana is not a viable therapy for everyone with Parkinson’s disease, but if you’re interested in trying it, talk to your doctor to see whether it’s a suitable fit for you.

References

[1] Understanding Parkinson’s and Medical Marijuana

[2] Cannabinoids in the management of difficult to treat pain

[3] Cannabis (medical marijuana) treatment for motor and non-motor symptoms of Parkinson disease: an open-label observational study

[4] Cannabinoids as novel anti-inflammatory drugs

[5] Marijuana Compounds: A Nonconventional Approach to Parkinson’s Disease Therapy

[6] Cannabis (Marijuana) DrugFacts

[7] Marijuana and depression: What’s the link?

[8] Marijuana and Coronary Heart Disease

[9] Cannabis (Medical Marijuana) Treatment for Motor and Non–Motor Symptoms of Parkinson Disease

[10] Parkinson’s disease

[11] Is marijuana safe and effective as medicine?

[12] New Symptomatic Treatments for the Management of Motor and Nonmotor Symptoms of Parkinson’s Disease

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